Concrete Foundation Basics

Concrete foundation

Concrete foundations are the backbone of any structure or a home. It is true that you cannot build a house without it. The foundation of any building means the primary structure of the building. Furthermore, it also means that the structure is protected from seasonal thaw and freeze cycles and that it has excellent stability. Without the existence of any such structure, a home or a building becomes susceptible to collapses and shifts.

Home foundations generally are constructed using steel I beams placed in vertical alignment. The depth of the base and the slope of land that connects the foundations is known as the slab. The slab is then reinforced with concrete. The slab is either poured directly on the land or it is consolidated at least six inches thick using grade school excavating equipment. After this, it is pumped into place or driven through it using heavy machinery. It is then cemented together using high-grade aggregates that are as fine as sand.

When a home or a building is built over a sandy soil, the foundations are usually much stronger than those for clay soil. Clay soils give way easily to the pressure caused by vehicles driving over them and by shifting ground weight. If you were to build a house or a building on a slope that had a lot of movement in it, especially when it is involved with water runoff, the concrete foundation walls would definitely cave in.

There are many other kinds of concrete foundations besides the three types mentioned above. In addition to these, you can use rebar and steel plates as reinforcement. Reinforcement is particularly important to reinforce a concrete foundation. Furthermore, the strength of rebar is critical as it keeps the load on the concrete slab to the minimal. Thus, you can say that fear is part of the three types of concrete foundations.

Another common type of concrete foundation is the t-shaped ones. These types are as explained above. However, there is one big difference between the t-shaped and the other two: the thickness. The thickness of a t-shaped concrete foundation is much thinner than any other one, which actually explains why they are often used near the ground freezes.

Finally, there are the four-sided concrete foundations. These are also called the pyramid foundations. Similar to the t-shaped ones, these have their own set of advantages. For starters, the thicker the concrete foundations are, the greater is the load capacity that they can support. Furthermore, the four-sided concrete foundations are designed to resist the different forces that come their way.